The steel plates are heavy relatively flat objects made of a metal type or alloy steel. Although there is no specific size range to a metal plate, the term “plate” is generally used for objects that are thicker than a sheet of metal. Most of the plates cannot be bent by hand and require special tools to cut. Different types of heavy steel plates can be used for a wide variety of applications for construction and production.
The sizes of heavy steel plates were enumerated using several different types of dimensions. The length and width are listed in inches or feet and provided the total physical size of the plate. The thickness of a plate is administered using a number known as “gauge” or meter. Each gauge equivalent to a standard thickness in inches, and the larger that number, the thinner the steel plate will be. See the chart in the Resources section to determine the standard size equivalent to the different gauges of metal.
The steel plates are widely used in manufacturing and industry, as well as roadwork and construction. You can cut or bend molding the plates to use in automotive and aerospace components, or formed into a variety of objects ranging from tools to electronic enclosures. The road contractors use heavy steel plates to cover temporary holes in the ground as the surface is leveled or reworked. These plates also form the backbone of support for many bridges, flooring and other building elements.
Heavy steel plates come in many shapes, sizes and calibers. They are made of steel, hot or cold, generally known as “carbon steel” as well as from steel alloy varied. When steel is mixed with chrome, stainless steel plates are formed, which offer a high level of corrosion resistance and creates an attractive finish. The steel plates can also be galvanized with a coating of zinc or nickel, increasing the strength and resistance to rust . Other alloys of metals including tin and copper are added to the steel to form other types of steel plates.
To make a heavy plate steel, mining iron ore harvested from mines and underground sources worldwide. Manufacturers mineral melt at high temperature, then pour into molds or extruded to form sheets of different sizes. The sheets pass through the crushing rollers, and then undergo large cutting devices that cut to the desired length. Steel plates may then be “cooled” or submerged in cold water to harden rapidly cool the steel.
Comparing the types of heavy steel plates, keep in mind factors such as corrosion resistance, thickness, material and dimensions. Manufacturers usually list features such as “weld ability”, which helps buyers understand the ease or difficulty of that particular type of solder alloy. Check the size and strength to understand the carrying capacity of each sheet as well as the ease of cut or bend steel. It is also useful to check the set point temperature of each type, provided by the manufacturer, which offers buyers the minimum and maximum range to which steel can be exposed safely.