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Definition heavy equipment

Bulldozer, front push tractor.

Self-propelled machine on wheels or chains, designed to exert a push or pull. The standard does not elaborate on the attachments (blade, ripper, winches, etc.) or its functions or types of work.

Forklift (Forklift)

Moving machines independently on the ground, primarily intended to carry, push, pull or lift loads. To fulfill this function a fit between work rig forklift (attachment) and the type of load is required.

They are suitable for carrying loads of overhang. It sits on two axes: driving, the front and guideline rear. They can be electric or internal combustion engine.


Self-propelled machine on wheels or chains, equipped with a front bucket, support structure and a set of articulated arms, capable of loading and digging  by its movement and the movement of the arms, and raising, transporting and unloading materials.

BACKHOE (loader, mixed, backhoe, and bow tie)

Self-propelled frame on wheels with a specially designed riding both a front loader and a rear hole so they can be used alternatively.

When used as excavator, the machine normally digs below ground level with bucket motion towards the machine, and lifts, collects, transports and discharges material while the machine is stationary.

When used as loader, loading or digging by shifting and movement of the arms and lifts, transports and discharges material.

SKID (Skid)

Self-propelled wheeled machine, equipped with a front bucket, supporting rigid chassis structure, and a steering system using levers or pedals that can stop or control the two wheels on each side. It is also susceptible to assemble numerous tools for special jobs.

Excavators (Backhoe)

Self-propelled machine on wheels or with a superstructure capable of rotating 360 or digging load rises, turns and discharges material by the action of a spoon attached to a set of boom and dipper arm or without the chassis or the supporting structure move.


Self-propelled machine on wheels or chains, metal or rubber, with a superstructure capable of rotating 360 or digging load rises, turns and discharges material by the action of a bucket mounted on a boom and arm assembly, without the supporting structure it moves and with a weight not exceeding 6,000 kg.


Propelled wheeled machine that has an open box with cutting edge between the front and rear axles, which starts, charge transporting material and extends, using the forward motion thereof.


Self-propelled wheeled machine with an adjustable blade, positioned between front and rear axles which cuts, moves and spreads material usually leveling purposes.


Self-propelled or towed machine on wheels, made of one or more cylinders or masses designed to increase the density of the materials: static weight, shock, vibration or Kneading (dynamic pressure) or combination of any of them.

Checklist preventive maintenance for heavy equipment

The devices are expensive and heavy to develop a program of preventive maintenance to last as much as possible. The maintenance department of this type of equipment must carry a checklist of preventive maintenance on every one of the teams to meet the standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This checklist must have data scheduled, the dates that will carry out and documented to meet the federal guidelines.

Date, time and inspector

Each checklist of preventive maintenance of heavy equipment must record the date on which the inspection was conducted, the time it took place and the name of the inspector who completed the checklist. The intention is not only to keep records, but also to allow the maintenance mechanic or the person who carried out the repair to answer questions later from the inspector about the bugs found during the inspection checklist.

Sections of the checklist

Most checklists of preventative maintenance for heavy equipment are broken down into sections, and each lists the parts to be inspected. One of these lists has sections such as what should be inspected from the ground, which parts should be reviewed in the engine compartment and which must be inspected in the cabin. Many of these lists include a section on safety equipment, where the inspector can record the safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, lights and sound warning, security lights and turn signals and devices protection in general, cages and scrollbars.

Breakdown section

Each section of a checklist of preventive maintenance of heavy equipment is broken down into categories. One will be a list of parts or test items. Another category will list what to look for when that element or part is inspected, and the last category should leave space for additional comments or problems encountered during the inspection.

Calculating the load angle for rigging

The crane rigging consists of an intricate system of slings, chains and belts lift properties using natural mechanical angles to distribute weights safely. The term “load angle” is used in these systems to describe the angle between any belt or chain and the surface of the charge that is held. For example, if a strap sling has been placed in each corner of a rectangular container, the load angle is the angle between the container lid and each corner sling, once it is suspended by the crane.


  1. Determine the desired weight of your load, consult the accompanying documents, sometimes known as the “cargo manifest”. This sum weight of the cargo container, a standardized number is usually available at the secretariat of the shipyard.
  2. Decide on the number of sling legs used to carry the load. Divide the weight full load among their number; for example, if the total load and weight of the container amounts to 1,200 lb (540 kg) load using sling divide by four, this weighing 300 lb (135 kg) distributed for each. This number is called the vertical load.
  3. Consult the manufacturer’s literature for each of your slings and determines the maximum rating, or “weight limit” of each sling. Divide the vertical load distributed on each leg sling for his highest rating. For example, with 300 lb. (135 kg) vertical load and a maximum rating of 600 lb (270 kg), the resulting division (300/600) corresponds to the number two. Using a calculator, press the “arcsine” (“arcsine”) button and “two” to find the angle of maximum load for your load and sling specific angle; in this case, this angle would be 30 degrees.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always check your numbers twice when calculating the maximum loading angle. As a rule, the angles of 30 degrees are very insecure, and generally are not used due to unnecessary tension exerted on the straps of the sling. Angles between 45 and 90 degrees are most common and safe for normal operation.

How to sell heavy equipment

Heavy machinery sale can be a challenge, given the limited number of buyers. But it can also be a profitable niche business. Farmers, contractors and businesses buy and sell all heavy equipment. A good broker becomes the go-to person when others need to buy or sell heavy machinery. Heavy machinery market is more segmented and specialized than the automobile market. Although there is no specific license required, heavy equipment distributors-usually regulated as a car dealership in most states. Knowledge of machinery and the industries they serve is vital. Things You’ll Need Business Directory licensed:

  • Dealer license Automotive
  • Insurance Bonds

Show instructions

  1. Contact state, county and municipality in which you conduct business. Most states treat a seller of heavy machinery as a distributor of motor vehicles. Generally the same licensing and bonding required. Sales people who work for you must also obtain state licenses to sales. Sales office will have to comply with local zoning requirements. Often you have to sell in a light zoned area, industrial area rather than simply a business area.
  2. Follow the market trends in heavy equipment. When the economy is in an industry, companies sell a lot of equipment. The prices can be drastically affected by the season and trends of local construction. If your business is the purchase of used equipment and resale, price fluctuations and demand mean the difference between being profitable or losing all their savings to buy the inventory that is difficult to sell. The resale market for heavy equipment is more volatile than the market for used cars.
  3. Learn the ways in which different companies with heavy machinery for example, agricultural machinery and construction equipment have different market cycles. Meet local businesses that use equipment so you know what type of machines to offer for sale and rent.
  4. Hire a sales staff familiar with the equipment, which have been the heavy equipment operators in the past. They will know the most common problems with models and managers and can help the buyer to identify the intangible benefits of one brand over another. Buyers are heavy equipment operators who do not personally need to operate the machines but often buying advice.
  5. Raise capital or develop credit lines. Large fleets of vehicles are sometimes available in distressed companies at deep discounts. Your business will prosper if you have the financial ability to act quickly and have a reputation of having funds available to take advantage of bargain sales and liquidations in the fleet

How to transport heavy machinery

Have you ever wondered how you carry from one place to another such large machines? The truth is a complicated transport given its size and weight, you need a good organization of logistics, along with careful consideration of the safety and legislation. In this post I will talk about how to transport these machines.

The first thing to ask yourself is whether you are able to make this transport, if you have the means and experience, if not the case, I strongly recommend you hire a specialist to do this service. Although at first glance you think it’s expensive, thought he is a specialist to whom you trust your machinery.

Some general information you need to know, well you who makes the transport or if you hire someone, depends on the country in which you reside or want to transport the machine will vary, but in Spain is as follows: the maximum speed that can be achieved is 80km / h., the width of 3.90 meters, over 20 meters and a height of 4.20 meters maximum. These include the transport mode and the machine itself.

To transport machinery, the two most common options are: assemble the machine on a truck platform or attaching wheels on one end of the machine and a truck trailer for this one. Depending on the infrastructure that you have available you or your specialist.

Before choosing the way that the machine will be transported, I advise you to check the journey to be undertaken, road, access, etc. Note that transporting an object of great dimensions it would not hurt you to tell the relevant authorities that are going to make that journey. This may alert other users that you will travel on this road and accompany during the trip signaling that vehicle are long, wide and far slower than the rest.

If you do not have a police escort to tell other drivers the dimensions you have. For this you must put in the back of your vehicle, i.e. behind the machine carriage, a poster with the length, width and height of the vehicle and machine assembly. You should also put the lights and if you have emergency lights. The more visible the sign is the more you and others will be.

I think it goes without saying so, but make sure the machine is perfectly attached to the truck or trailer and every so often make a stop, so you can rest and to check that everything is in order, the hooks are not impaired, work lights, etc.

As the transport of heavy machinery is a difficult task and a logistics project, I recommend you hire someone specialized and trustworthy. To find a person who meets these requirements you do not need to spend hours searching the Internet but look at our on-line platform. In Movesimo  we’re trusted in specialized carriers, it’s as easy as posting the machine you want to transport and wait for a carrier offers its services.

Information John Deere 310A backhoe

Deere & Company, whose offices are in Moline, Illinois, produces equipment for industrial gardening and consumers of the brand John Deere. A backhoe has a shovel connected to an arm, which is located in the rear part of a magazine. John Deere 310A backhoe was produced between 1975 and 1982. You can rent or buy these in backhoes stores, home improvement and landscaping.


The John Deere 310A has a series four-cylinder diesel John Deere engine 300. The engine has a displacement of 219 cubic inches (3588.767 cm³), which refers to how much you can push the fluid through the piston in a cylinder movement. The cylinder diameter is 4.02 inches (10,21cm) and piston travel 4.33 inches (10.99 cm), which is the total length that the pistons can move within the cylinder. The engine uses coolant, and it’s liquid tank can hold up to 16 quarts (15.14 L). The revolutions per minute (rpm) are 2500 and produce 150 foot-pounds (20.73 kg / m).


Backhoe dimensions are 23 feet 7 inches (7.18 m) long and 11 feet 3 inches (3.43 m) high, 6 feet 10 inches (2.08 m) wide, and weigh 12,519 pounds (5.7 tons). Use covered 7.50-16 and 11L-15 forward and 16.9-24 19.5L-24 and back. The fuel tank holds 19.5 gallons (73.8 L), tanks and transmission and hydraulics can hold 20.5 gallons (77.6 L).


This machine has 8 forward gears and 8 backwards. The lubrication pressure is between 8 and 10 pounds per square inch (psi) (.56-.70 kg / cm2), and the clutch operating pressure of between 155 and 165 psi (10.9 to 11, 6 kg / cm2). The system pressure reverses when the backhoe is operating at idle speed is between 155 and 165 psi, and the pressure release filter is 50 psi (3.5 kg / cm2). Transmission pump can move up to 10.5 gallons per minute (gpm) (39.7 L) when operating at 2200 rpm and 150 psi. The transmission cargo tank can hold up to 8.5 gallons (32 L), and the cooling system can contain up to 4 gallons (15 L). The casing contains up to 9 quarts (8.5 liters) of fluid.


In a backhoe John Deere 310A is a 3 cubic inches (49 cm³) pump and the hydraulic pump moves  23 gpm (87 liters per minute) when the machine operates at 2,000 psi (140.8 kg / cm2) and 2,200 rpm. The relief pressure of the hydraulic system is 150 psi (10.5 kg / cm2), and avoid overloading it. Resting pressure is between 2,300 and 2,400 psi (162 and 169 kg / cm2), and valve pressure filter 50 psi (3.5 kg /